Machu Picchu, which means “Old Peak” or “Old Mountain” in the Quechua Indian language is an Incan fortress that is located above the valley of Urubamba River in the Andes Mountains in Peru. It was erected in the 15th century and uninhibited later, Machu Picchu is well-known for its dry-stone walls made by smartly cutting huge granite blocks. Its constructional configurations and panoramic views engage tons of tourists every year.
1. Highly Preserved
Machu Picchu was covered in dense forest vegetation which was then detached to divulge the attractive ruins we know today. Though there have been some renovations to the citadel, Machu Picchu is still one of the highly preserved archeological sites of its time. Around 75% of the area is present in its original form. To keep this amazing piece of land preserved and tourism supportable, the management has fixed a daily limit of 2,500 tourists per day, and the system of one-way walking is introduced to lessen the foot traffic. There is also a no-fly zone above the area of Machu Picchu.
2. Earthquake Resistant
Machu Picchu is present in Peru and Peru is no stranger to recurrent earthquakes and has high seismic activity. Above all Machu Picchu is sitting on two fault lines. Knowing this, the Incas used several methods to make their structures sturdy and flexible to earthquakes at the same time. The brainy design of construction tolerates the bouncing of stones capably without scattering them apart during earthquakes. It is believed that the ashlar technique prevents the whole construction from collapsing. On the other hand, the trapezoidal-shaped windows, doors, bracing blocks, and inward inclination of walls are also helpful in success against earthquakes.
3. No Use of Rock Binding Mortar
The construction is Machu Picchu is incredibly striking and it is cooler than it sounds. You might have built your Lego castle excavating a hole in the sand and burying the lower interring the bottom of your castle in the mud. Now imagine this process on a mammoth scale. The Inca people had built the whole Machu Picchu without using any equipment. There was no use of wheels, iron tools, or animal power. during the digging process. Even the cutting and shifting of stone were done without any special aid. There is no use of mortar between rocks and they are just stacked over each other. But the cutting and crafting of rocks are very splendid in terms of shapes.
4. Some Scholars Believed that Aliens Build the Machu Picchu
Some amateur scholars believed that aliens had built the constructed area of Machu Picchu. For them, it seems unbelievable that people without getting help from animals, iron tools, or even the wheel could have dragged such huge blocks of stones up to the mountainside and built such incredible structures. However, many archaeologists and knowledgeable scholars agreed that the Incas, with their remarkable engineering techniques and use of man labor, were very proficient in constructing the site without any outdoor assistance.
5. Selfies with Llamas
At Machu Picchu Llamas are always ready to photobomb your amazing pictures. We’d all have to close our social media accounts if llamas could take selfies. Aside from the notable modern-day talent of taking selfies, llamas are conventionally treasured for their wool and mineral-rich waste to inseminate crops. Both llamas’ vs alpaca can be seen grazing the land at Machu Picchu. Llamas are interrelated with the family of camels and they grow up twice the magnitude of an alpaca. Llamas were considered a vital livestock resource for the Inca people as they didn’t have other farm animals such as goats, sheep, or horses.
6. The Secret Temple
There is a lot more to explore in Machu Picchu than we see in the pictures. The tourists usually start their discovery line up early in the morning, with the hopes of being one of those 400 people who get permission to climb the Huayna Picchu. It is a small green peak that often seems in Machu Picchu's photos, shaped like a rhino’s horn. Visitors can also find a secret temple here. It is also known as the Temple of Moon placed into a compound of caves, concealed from the focal ruins of Machu Picchu. It is an ethereal shrine erected directly into the mountain rock. It shows some of the premium stonework in Machu Picchu.
7. Astronomical Influence Over the Construction
There is a strong influence of astronomy over the Inca civilization and their way of construction of structures and buildings. Astronomy helped the Inca people to recognize the periodic climatic changes signifying the best time for imbedding seeds and picking crops. The characteristic Intihuatana stone found at Machu Picchu was used as an astrological clock.